Understanding the symptoms of pregnancy is important because at first, only the symptoms can help you to know that you are pregnant. When you see the symptoms of pregnancy, you will have to do some tests (that’s called pregnancy tests) for confirmation.
In this article, we will describe the process of getting pregnant, the symptoms of pregnancy, and instructions for when & which tests you’ve to do for pregnancy confirmation. Keep reading until the end of this article to know about the risks of pregnancy.
Symptoms of pregnancy at 1 week
Within the first week of pregnancy, some of the symptoms begin to appear. However, most of the women can’t understand the symptoms as early as the first week. The symptoms of pregnancy at 1 week are given below:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Breast swelling, increased tenderness of the breast, and visible veins
- Urge to urinate frequently
- Headache or dizziness
- Rise the body temperature
- Annoyance or mood swings
- Aversion to food
- Feelings of strong odor etc.
Symptoms of pregnancy in the first month
A lot of changes happen in the first month of pregnancy and that’s why symptoms appear clearly like
This is the perfect sign of pregnancy when you have a regular menstrual cycle. You can suspect that you’re pregnant when you missed the menstruation but sometimes it may be misleading especially for one who has an irregular period.
It’s the most prominent symptom of pregnancy that happens to some hormonal changes in early pregnancy. Nausea with or without vomiting and dizziness in the morning are called morning sickness.
High blood pressure
Your blood pressure can slightly increase early in the pregnancy because of hormonal changes and an increase in the blood volume in the body.
Aversions to foods
Pregnant women can’t take food properly due to morning sickness and feelings of odour.
The rising levels of hormones in early pregnancy can slow down digestive function and thus can lead to constipation. Moreover, the side effects of Iron supplements can be another cause of constipation.
During pregnancy, the amount of blood in your body has increased. That’s why kidneys have to purify the extra fluid and thus produce an excessive amount of urine. Moreover, the size of the uterus is increasing gradually with the progress of pregnancy and that puts pressure on the urinary bladder. To overcome frequent urination, don’t give up drinking water, rather you should drink enough water to stay hydrated during pregnancy.
Frequent urination at night can be a cause of insomnia during pregnancy. But never take medicine (sedative) without the instructions of a physician.
Breast swelling and feeling heavy or full
During pregnancy, the level of the Prolactin hormone goes up which is responsible for breast swelling and feeling heavy. Prolactin is an essential hormone to produce milk in the breast after the delivery of the baby.
Fatigue and depression:
The progesterone hormone increases from early pregnancy which can lead to Fatigue and depression. Moreover, the journey of pregnancy for the first time in a woman’s life gives mental pressure.
The progesterone hormone can stimulate the sebaceous glands in the skin and thus lead to acne problems. But don’t worry about that, these will be removed automatically after the delivery process.
How do girls get pregnant?
A woman’s pregnancy occurs when a man’s sperm fertilizes an egg after sexual intercourse. Pregnancy can occur three minutes after intercourse or up to five days. Within 5 to 10 days after fertilization, the fertilized egg attaches itself to the uterine wall and then starts the pregnancy.
Girls do not menstruate during pregnancy, but in some cases, there may be bleeding similar to menstruation. Such as
- Bleeding for implantation
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Rupture of the uterine lining
A small amount of bleeding is normal as considered to be implantation bleeding but in case of abnormal bleeding, you should consult with a gynecologist immediately.
Pregnancy tests mean hCG tests that detect a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin which is produced early in pregnancy and increases as the pregnancy progresses. You can do this test at home by using pregnancy sticks that are available in pharmacies without a prescription. First, you have to collect your urine as a sample and then hold the test stick in the urine. You’re pregnant if the result is positive but that’s sometimes may be inaccurate. Because hCG hormone can increase in case of ovarian carcinoma without pregnancy. That’s why it’s a good idea to do an ultrasound (USG) to confirm the pregnancy.
How many days after the pregnancy test?
The most accurate time for a pregnancy test is one week after the period is missed. Pregnancy tests can be done on the first day of the first missed period with a regular menstrual date. If someone has irregular periods, a pregnancy test can be done 14 days after intercourse.
Maternal health organizations also recommend that pregnant women undergo ultrasound (USG) at least 3 times during pregnancy. By doing the ultrasound, you can know the condition of your fetus as well as any abnormalities in fetal growth.
The first ultrasound that can be done within 13 weeks of pregnancy is called the first trimester of pregnancy. Next ultrasounds can be done respectively in 14 to 28 weeks are considered the second trimester and the period from 26 to 40 weeks is called the third trimester.
There are some additional tests recommended during pregnancy for the preparation of labor. Such as-
- Blood grouping
- CBC (complete blood count)
- Urine R/E etc.
Risks in pregnancy
Pregnancy is a difficult journey in a woman’s life because there are a lot of health risks. The chances of getting pregnant are high, especially when you’ve gotten pregnant at an older age. Some common risks associated with pregnancy are described below:
When the implantation happens in the Fallopian tube, that’s called Ectopic pregnancy. With the progression of pregnancy, the possibility of rupturing the Fallopian tube increases and thus can lead to haemorrhage and even maternal deaths.
This is a very critical condition during pregnancy that is the result of the sudden onset of high blood pressure. To overcome this problem, maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent hypertension.
Diabetes during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes (GD) and can be the cause of Preterm birth, low birth weight, need for cesarean section, etc. If you have a diagnosis of GD, try to avoid refined carbs and take medication according to your physician’s instructions.
It’s a common problem when the fetus is lost before 20 weeks of pregnancy. The main cause of miscarriage is genetic and that can’t be preventable. But the other causes like gestational diabetes, infection, Thyroid disease, etc are preventable. Research shows that there is no link between miscarriage and sexual intercourse during pregnancy.
It’s a rare problem that can cause excessive amounts of bleeding during pregnancy. You need to do a cesarean section according to the planning of your physician.
Maternal death is associated with the delivery process especially when it can be done at home without a gynecologist physician. To prevent maternal death during and after delivery, try to be admitted to the hospital before labour pain.